'Standards' according to the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP), are "recommendations of high clinical certainty" and these therefore override the Guidelines and the Options. Wherever possible, a decision should be made supported by standards in difficult situations.
The Emergency Standards (published by Prof. Dr. med. Roland Bingisser et al.) are developed at the University Hospital Basel and used by numerous licensees daily.
Emergency Standards must act as a reference book for emergency situations and should be easily accessible, have full links and be supplied with further literary sources. A symptom-oriented approach has been knowingly selected, as emergency patients rarely present with clear diagnoses. The first phase of a symptom should provide an overview of the relevant differential diagnoses. In the second phase, the emergency-relevant diagnoses and further investigative/treatment paths are in a highly condensed form. Our philosophy is maximal reduction, so that we never lose sight of the main objective, namely preserving an overview.
It is important to us that Emergency Standards only form a central thread in the decision-making process. We should never work rigidly and inflexibly in line with the standards, as there are always exceptions from the rule, combinations with other symptoms and atypical presentations of frequently occurring clinical illnesses. The standard patient pathway therefore forms the central thread in the focus of the patient pathway. Deviations from this may occur. Every standard can and must be overruled with good arguments for the individual case in question. The overall art of medicine is not based on standards, rather standards are incorporated in certain decision-making processes. Medication is knowingly listed with the active ingredient, in order to avoid errors when prescribing this. This does not guard the user against independently seeking information regarding all medications, their doses and side effects in an individual case.
The licensee gains full access to the Emergency Standards and the right to adapt these algorithms to their own needs.
The licensor is developing new standards and updates the existing algorithms at regular intervals.